Updated: Aug 14, 2019
Learning to read and write is critical to a child’s academic success as well as determining the trajectory of their future. At Limai Academy we understand the importance of a solid and rigorous Language Arts curriculum; however, the foundation for learning how to read and write is established long before a child enters a schoolhouse. Research shows there is a critical link between emergent literacy skills and future reading outcomes. Emergent literacy is the process of developing and linking language and related concepts. It encompasses the developmental precursors to conventional forms of reading and writing. This includes speaking, listening, alphabet recognition, phonological and print awareness. Emergent literacy skills are developed during infancy and early childhood through meaningful dialect and print activities with others.
Oral language, phonological processing and print knowledge are three areas that support conventional reading and writing. Oral language encompasses of the ability to speak, listen and acquire new vocabulary. Oral language is an intricate system that connects sounds to meanings and is comprised of three components: phonological, semantic, and syntactic. Phonological skills develop in a predictable progression and offers the foundation for sequencing teaching strategies and lessons from easy to more difficult. Fundamental listening skills are a prerequisite to phonological awareness. Word awareness, responsiveness to rhyming and alliteration (repetition), syllable awareness and phoneme awareness. Phoneme awareness is the ability to blend sounds into words. The semantic component involves the interpretation of meaning of words both literally and figuratively. The syntactic component is comprised of the rules that allow us to combine morphemes into words and sentences. Morphemes are the smallest linguistic units within a word that can carry meaning. For example, untouchable is made up of 3 morphemes- “un”, “touch” and “able”.
Alphabet knowledge is the ability to identify the names of the alphabet. This skill aids in phonological awareness which is the ability to identify and manipulate the sounds of the alphabets into words. While all the above-mentioned components are an important part of emergent literacy, even more important is a child’s attitude towards reading and writing. As parents it is important that you engage your child early in language and reading.
Below are 5 things that you can do to help your child with emerging literacy according to Save the Children and the US Department of Education and Child Development:
1. Start talking early to your children. Language skills develop through a responsive environment and consistent verbal exchanges between children and their caregivers. The quantity and level of parental verbal communication is highly associated with the scope of vocabulary size in the early ages.
2. Start reading to your children early. Research shows reading to your child from birth to age 1 affects their brain activity and give them the boost needed to support reading skills.
3. Early Learning Programs Make a Difference-choose wisely! Limai Academy understands the importance of language and reading skills.
4. Caregivers are an important part of the equation; parents are the first educators in the development of learning being active is important!
5. Make reading fun and a family activity everyone can enjoy together!
If you want to learn more about the importance of starting literacy skills early with a child, contact us at Limai Academy in Gardena (424) 329-0471 / email@example.com